Ħaġar Qim

Updated: Sep 2

Date: 3600-3200 BCE

Period: Neolithic

Phase: Ġgantija

Location: Qrendi, Malta

Access: Public museum managed by Heritage Malta

Site details

Comprises a North Temple with five apses, a Main Temple with an unusual layout that may have been remodelled during the time it was in use, an irregular building to the east and a set of megalithic blocks once belonging to a structure in the west.


Features

  • Tall menhir in Main Temple

  • Enormous 50 tonne megalith in Main Temple

  • External altar

  • Oracle hole

  • Portholes

  • Blocks with a pitted decoration

  • Blocks with a spiral decoration

Finds

  • 'Fat lady' statuettes

  • 'Venus of Malta' figurine

  • Pottery

  • Remains of a giant 'fat lady' statue

  • Decorated altar with a leaf design

  • Mushroom shaped altars

  • Trapezoid-shaped altar

Orientation

  • Main Temple - south east

  • North Temple - south

  • East Building - possible north

  • West Remains - not discernible

Interesting facts


Ħaġar Qim is thought to be aligned with the solstices and equinoxes.


The main temple is the only one in Malta to have two entrances. These are on the same axis. It's possible the rear entrance replaced a former apse or niche at a later date in temple's active period.


Unusually the top left apse was turned into a corridor at some point leading to four other apses.


Ħaġar Qim has a menhir on the outside of the main temple which serves no structural function.



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