Mnajdra

Updated: Sep 2

Date: 3600-2500 BCE

Period: Neolithic

Phase: Ġgantija, Tarxien

Location: Qrendi, Malta

Access: Public museum managed by Heritage Malta


Site details

Mnajdra is made up of three temples, the upper, the middle and the lower. The upper is has a trefoil or three-apsed layout and the other two have four apses.


Features

  • Blocks with pitted decorations

  • Uprights with drilled holes

  • Oracle holes

  • Libation holes

Finds

  • Clay figurine

  • Pottery

Orientation

  • Upper Temple - south west

  • Middle Temple - south east

  • Lower Temple - east


Interesting facts

An engraving on a megalith in the middle temple shows a roofed temple facade. Since the Maltese temples were all discovered without roofs, it's thought this showed how they originally looked.


The upper temple has an 'altar' flanked by two uprights which have lines drilled into them of irregular lengths. They may have been a counting system and associated with astronomy.


Mnajdra is thought to be aligned with the equinoxes and solstices.

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